The preoperative evaluation of the patient for cosmetic eyelid surgery is extremely important. A preoperative evaluation provides a setting that creates a sense of comfort in the relationship between Dr. Azizzadeh, Dr. Cabin, and the patient. An open relationship allows for discussions of the surgical procedure, aesthetic goals, and exceeding the patient’s needs.
The steps for evaluating a patient who desire cosmetic oculoplastic surgery include:
- Examination of abnormalities of the forehead, eyebrows, eyelids, cheeks, face, and skin condition
- Ocular (eye) assessment
- Tear secretion measurements
- Photographs and 3D Modeling
This preoperative evaluation allows the patient to clearly express certain wishes and achievable realistic accomplishments.
It is important to figure out the needs of the patient, so first a full medical history will be taken to review any illnesses, medications, allergies and/or previous surgeries. Speaking with the patient about their motivation to have surgery allows Dr. Azizzadeh and Dr. Cabin to differentiate patients who have realistic, mature reasons for requesting surgery from those who do not. The examination includes evaluation of the forehead, eyebrows, upper and lower eyelids, cheeks, face, and skin. It is important to view the entire face before focusing on specific structures. This examination allows us to determine which cosmetic problems are correctable in order to be compared with the patient’s expectations.
Types of Eyelid and Eye Consultations:
FOREHEAD AND EYEBROW EXAMINATION
When examining the forehead and eyebrows, our team of expert physicians will look for drooping (ptosis), causing excessive upper eyelid folds. Forehead wrinkles and frown lines are also examined.
Patients with excessive drooping of the brows are best able to view the cosmetic problem when they are looking directly into a mirror and the surgeon measures from the middle of the eyelid to the middle of the brow.
One method used to measure the amount the brow droops is to line the zero mark of a millimeter ruler with the upper central brow edge. The brow is then lifted to an acceptable level with the examiner’s finger.
Repeated measurements are made over the temporal and nasal aspects of the brow about 10mm from the brow ends.
Another method uses the ocular asymmetry measuring device, consisting of: a headband, a ruler, and a T-shaped crosspiece. When the headband is placed on the patient’s forehead, it fixes a ruler vertically over the middle of the forehead. The crosspiece line cuts across the corner of each side of the eye and levels the crosspiece. The crosspiece is than lifted to the new upper middlebrow position; the digression of the indicator is noted.
To elevate the brow surgically it is important to measure the amount the upper eyelid droops in order to determine how much skin must be removed.
EXAMINATION OF THE UPPER EYELID
EYELID SKIN-FAT EXAMINATION
EYELID CREASE EXAMINATION
EVALUATION OF BLEPHAROPTOSIS
EXAMINATION OF LOWER EYELID LAXITY
EVALUATION OF LOWER EYELID RETRACTION
EXAMINATION OF THE CHEEK AND FACE
DETERMINATION OF VISUAL ACUITY
OCULAR MOTILITY TESTING
EVALUATION OF BASIC TEAR SECRETION
EVALUATION OF VISUAL FIELDS
Assessment by Photography
“The eyes are the window to the soul” – Immanuel Kane
Every candidate for cosmetic oculoplastic surgery is required to take preoperative photographs. Preoperative photographs have several advantages: (1) visual record for preoperative assessment of the patient’s problems, (2) new aspects of the patient’s problems become apparent on photographs that were not visible in the initial examination, (3) the patient is able to see the changes postoperatively. Photographs are taken of both eyes in primary and up and down positions preoperatively and 2-4 months after surgery. Vectra 3D imaging brings a new dimension to photography, and our office is the first in California to have the new vectra modeling system. Read more about 3D Imaging.
After the examination is completed, Dr. Azizzadeh and Dr. Cabin will discuss all the pertinent findings. It is important to demonstrate ptotic brows and a wrinkled forehead, low upper eyelid creases, excessive skin, protruding fat, skin discoloration and wrinkles, upper eyelid ptosis, orbicularis muscle hypertrophy, check bags and depressions, nasolabial folds, and facial sagging. Demonstrating sites for surgical incisions and scars are shown to the patient and what can and cannot be accomplished surgically and non-surgically.
Learn More About the CENTER’s Philosophy
Meet Our Surgeons
Dr. Jonathan Cabin, M.D.
Dr. Jonathan Cabin is a board certified facial plastic surgeon with dual sub-specialty training in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. After his training at Yale, Dr. Cabin went on to complete an elite Facial Plastic Surgery fellowship, offered to only one surgeon each year. Dr. Cabin’s extensive knowledge and keen eye for aesthetics make him one of the most sought after physicians in Los Angeles. Dr. Cabin has published multiple textbook chapters and peer review articles and continues to contribute to the field through his philanthropic trips to treat patients in Peru and China.
Click here to learn more about Dr. Cabin.
Dr. Babak Azizzadeh, M.D.
Dr. Azizzadeh is world renowned facial plastic surgeon who is double board certified by the American Board of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and The American Board of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery. Dr. Azizzadeh has become widely regarded for his superior level of expertise and his contributions to the field of facial plastic surgery. His prestigious training at both UCLA and Harvard Medical School give him a unique insight into both facial function and aesthetics. Dr. Azizzadeh has written multiple textbooks including the popular consumer guidebook Beverly Hills Beauty Secrets and has been featured in a variety of media outlets like The Doctors, The Oprah Winfrey Show, and both the LA and NY Times.
Click here to learn more about Dr. Azizzadeh.
It is important to have eyelid surgery performed by an experienced facial plastic surgeon, not just any doctor. Contact Dr. Azizzadeh and Dr. Cabin today if you would like to schedule an initial consultation.