Facial Fracture and Trauma

Before and After facial trauma surgery

Through his training at Harvard Medical School and UCLA, facial reconstruction surgeon Dr. Azizzadeh, has mastered advanced microsurgical techniques and has gained extensive surgical expertise in microvascular free flap reconstruction. His expertise in facial trauma and fracture reconstructive surgery make him highly sought after by patients all over the country. When other facial surgeons say nothing can be done to repair the damage from facial trauma, Dr. Azizzadeh is usually able to help.

Facial Trauma Reconstructive Surgery Videos

What is facial trauma?

Facial trauma includes any physical trauma to the face, including fractures of the facial bones such as nasal fractures and fractures of the jaw, soft tissue injuries such as burns, laceration and bruises, and eye injuries.

The following areas are commonly injured following facial trauma:

  • Zygoma – Cheek bone
  • Maxilla – Upper jaw 
  • Mandible – Lower jaw
  • Nasoethmoid orbital skeleton – Central midface, union of bones from the nose, orbitis, maxilla and cranium
  • Orbit – Eye socket 
  • Soft tissue – Skin, subcutaneous tissue or underlying muscle

What are facial trauma treatment options?

Following an accident or other trauma to the face, the first step is always to treat any life threatening injuries and stabilize the patient. Severe injury to the midface and lower face commonly results in airway blockage caused by bleeding or loose bone fragments. These issues should be dealt with before continuing treatment of facial injuries.

After initial treatment, once the patient is out of immediate danger, craniofacial reconstruction may be necessary to restore full function, and correct both functional and cosmetic damage.

Craniofacial Reconstruction

Craniofacial reconstruction is the procedure Dr. Azizzadeh uses to repair or reshape the skull, face and jaw after a traumatic accident. Individual cranial reconstruction procedures will vary considerably from one person to the next, depending on the type and severity of the injuries.

The first step in mapping out a plan for reconstruction surgery is to diagnose and visualize the injuries. To do this, craniofacial surgeon Dr. Azizzadeh will use tools such as X-rays and digital tomography to create a detailed ‘map’ of the facial structure. This will allow him to assess the damage, and to determine the best way to go about reconstruction.

Using this information, Dr. Azizzadeh will develop a plan to repair and reconstruct facial damage. Depending on the specific case, this plan may include one of more of the following elements:

  • Rhinoplasty, to repair the function and appearance of the nose
  • Bone grafts and prosthetics, to heal and repair fractured bone
  • Skin and tissue transplants

Facial reconstructive surgery can be extensive, and many patients need several surgeries. While Dr. Azizzadeh is able to help patients repair their facial damage and return to a more normal appearance, the facial appearance may still be different than prior to the traumatic event. However, the results will almost certainly be improved and additional surgeries can be performed to get closer to the desired facial appearance.

After craniofacial reconstruction, patients can expect to have swelling for up to three months while the face heels. Dr. Azizzadeh urges patients to follow his postoperative orders to speed the recovery. Dr. Azizzadeh is the author of multiple books discussing facial plastic surgery procedures and different facial rejuvenation techniques that can aid patients suffering from facial trauma.

If you’ve been involved in an accident and have suffered facial trauma or facial fractures in the Los Angeles or Beverly Hills, California area, contact facial plastic surgeon Dr. Azizzadeh to schedule an initial consultation.

Please contact Dr. Azizzadeh if you have any additional questions regarding these procedures.